Am, Is and Are

The words am, is, are are also verbs, but they are not action words. They are the simple present tense of the verb be. Use am with the pronoun I, and is with the pronouns he, she and it. Use are with the pronouns you, we and they.


I am Peter. I am not Paul.
She is Miss Lee. She is a teacher.
He is my father. He is a doctor. He is not a teacher.
You are a stranger. You are not my friend.
We are in the same class, but we are not friends.
They are good friends. They are not enemies.

Short forms

Learn these short forms called contractions:
I am = I'm
you are = you're
he is = he's
she is = she's
it is = it's
am not = aren't (only in questions)
is not = isn't
are not = aren't
they are = they're
we are = we're
In questions, use aren't as a contraction of am not. For example, you can say:
I'm taller than you, aren't I?
But in a statement you say:
I'm not as old as you.


She's a teacher
We are students
We're at school
We're at school
It's a sunny morning
We are very happy
School is cool
School is cool
It's an eraser
They are pencils
It's a book
It's a book
We are in the classroom
We are very happy
Come and look
Come and look